Eez Agreement

Second, the precise limits of maritime requirements that overlap with other states in the territories are clarified. “There is now an international dispute that theoretically limits Turkey`s capacity for action,” Syrigos said. The conflict between the Greek-Turkish maritime borders had probably crystallized long before the agreement between Turkey and Libya and the Greece-Egypt agreement. However, the nature, basic principles and exact geographic scope of these overlapping requirements are now much clearer. This is important to define the geographical scope of UNCLOS`s commitment to “not jeopardize or impede the completion of the final agreement” and restriction obligations under customary international law (see Barrett, Burke et al. in the 2016 BIICL report on state obligations with respect to unrestricted maritime areas). CAIRO (Reuters) – Egypt and Greece signed an agreement on Thursday designating an exclusive economic zone in the eastern Mediterranean‮‮ ‬‬between the two countries, an area containing promising oil and gas reserves, Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry said. At an Islamic economic conference in Istanbul, Turkey and Libya signed a secret agreement on the EEZ/Memorandum of Understanding. This was reported in a report by the Turkish daily newspaper, Szc, which also showed the controversial map. The area in question is bounded by a link between Kas and Marmaris, near the Greek island of Kastellorizo, which extends south of Crete and straddles the EEZ borders between Greece, Cyprus and Egypt. This contribution contains some general information, comments on the text of the agreement and the impact of the agreement on the maritime dispute between Greece and Turkey. The legitimacy and legal consequences of the agreement have been challenged by a number of states in the region as well as by the European Union. According to the European Union, the agreement “violates the sovereign rights of third countries, is not in accordance with the law of the sea and cannot have legal consequences for third countries.” [3] Cyprus and Egypt both considered the agreement “illegal”, while Greece considers it “unconfessed” and “geographically absurd” because it ignores the presence of the islands of Crete, Kasos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo and Rhodes between the Turkish and Libyan coasts.

[4] In 2010, an agreement was signed with Cyprus on the limitation of territorial waters between Israel and Cyprus over half the sea, an essential clarification to protect Israel`s rights over underwater oil and gas reservoirs. The agreement was signed in Nicosia by Israeli Infrastructure Minister Uzi Landau and Cypriot Foreign Minister Markos Kyprianou. The two countries agreed to cooperate in the development of discovered cross-border resources and to negotiate a common resource-sharing agreement.