The long series of cases involving whole contractual clauses shows that full contractual clauses: indeed, such a clause constitutes a binding agreement between the parties, that the full contractual clauses appear in the document containing the clause, and not elsewhere, and that, therefore, all commitments or assurances made during the negotiations (which could come into force as a security guarantee without such a clause) have no contractual effect, unless they are reflected and implemented in this document. “Except in this contract, all guarantees, insurance, insurance, conditions and obligations are not excluded by law, habit, customs, use of trade, conduct of business or any other form (including, but not limited to quality, performance or adequacy or opportunity) with respect to goods to be supplied by the seller under this contract.” Gaps in development are always best avoided. Where there are gaps, a whole agreement will not prevent the courts from filling them. The court accepted the seller. As Axa Sun Life acknowledged, this decision applies only to the construction of the comprehensive contractual clause at issue. In addition, the structure of a specific clause must be defined within the framework of the agreement as a whole. On this point, the Court found that the parties intended to cover the entire contractual clause in order to cover false claims. In particular, full contractual clauses are often introduced by signatories in the “Boilerplate” category. The clauses of the boiler platform are generally uncontested and are often repeated in contracts by the parties in a routine manner, without much negotiation or taking into account the context and background of the contract in question. They are commonly referred to as “standard” and treated, which sometimes means that they do not always attract as much attention and consideration as the other terms of the contract, especially the terms and conditions. Questions about the effectiveness of whole contractual clauses are increasingly being raised in litigation, particularly in disputes related to long-term contracts such as joint ventures, long-term supply contracts, long-term financing agreements or amendments and/or extensions of such agreements or agreements in which the parties have had a long period of activity. A full provision of the agreement does not exclude a claim in a misrepresentation, as the denial of contractual force in respect of a statement cannot influence the status of misrepresentation of the statement. The same clause in an agreement may contain both a full provision of the contract and another provision that seeks to exclude liability in the event of misrepresentation and breach of its obligations.