In the past, the “right of pre-emption” had a different meaning and different from that given to it today.  However, an option contract is required for 21 years at the latest from the date. It is essential that the parties be aware of what is exactly included and what is not, especially when they are divided into several tranches. Where a pre-emption right has been agreed, it is in the interest of the landowner to reserve the right to accept an offer from third parties slightly less than the original offer of the pre-emption holder. This will give the landowner the flexibility to accept an offer from a third party that, for example. B, will align 95% of the initial offer without recourse to the holder of the pre-emption right to allow him to accept a slightly lower price. Clearly, the holder of the right of pre-emption will likely object to such a provision. As a general rule, a buyer will not object to the landowner selling the property during the option period or granting a mortgage above: as long as the option is registered, any lender or buyer is subject to the option. However, if the purchaser intends to redevelop or occupy the property, he may restrict the granting of leases, facilities and alliances. Note that if the agreement on this is silent, the landowner can do whatever he wants with the country.
People who buy and sell land often take advantage of the opportunity to purchase contracts or pre-emption agreements to force the other party to sell. The two chords may seem similar, but they are actually very different. A pre-emption contract gives a company or person a right of pre-emption if the owner decides to sell the land. However, an option contract generally gives a company or a person the right to demand that the landowner sell the land to the landowner. Often, the law only applies for a period set by the treaty. If the landowner`s offer is rejected by the holder of the pre-emption right, the right of pre-emption is also triggered by the seller`s intention to cede the land. From the buyer`s point of view, this approach must be broad to ensure that the seller cannot use other modes of transmission to circumvent the agreement. A right of pre-emption entails a contractual relationship between the parties.
If the landowner decides not to sell, the right of pre-emption can never be exercised. To ensure that a right of pre-emption is more than a vague promise, the scheme must be properly documented and it is essential that it be protected by registration (with restriction) in the land registry. A right of pre-emption means a right of priority over any other buyer.